How many of you figured out the right answer to the query, how to recover deleted files? I guarantee, this tutorial will guide you to restore deleted files successfully from your Windows computer or laptop. File deletion might happen accidentally / due to the virus attack or any other possible reasons. Let it be whatever, if the deleted files are important ones like your college assignments or last day party photos, then restore deleted files is an essential one as popcorn in the movie theater 😛

So in this guide, I’m going to cover all the necessary steps and guidelines to retrieve deleted files successfully.

Read Also : How To Speed Up Windows 7 PC / Computer

Possible Reasons for Files Gone Unavailable/ Removed From the Computer.

  • Delete the file by pressing shift + delete together.
  • Delete the file using command prompt.
  • Delete the large size file, when the Recycle Bin space is not enough to save it temporarily.
  • Accidental file deletion from an external device, when it gets connected to Windows system.

All the above mentioned situations will bypass your file through Recycle Bin and lead to permanent delete. When the deleted file bypasses the Windows Recycle Bin, then recovering the deleted files is always a smart challenge for you.

‘Deleted files recovery’… you might read this line in less than 1 second. right? But it’s not easy as that much, when it comes to practical level. Don’t get scary 😀 retrieve deleted files is not an easy task, unless you follow few guidelines before the recovery process.

So I highly recommend you to have a look on all the sub topics in this guide to restore deleted files without any trouble.

What Exactly Happens, When the Deleted File Bypass the Recycle Bin?

When you click Empty Recycle Bin button in Windows, a pop up window will appear saying all the files in the Recycle Bin will be deleted permanently. If you click on Yes for this request, all the files in the Recycle Bin will get deleted permanently from your eyes. But actually what happen is, deleted files are still available in the system drive until it gets overwritten by a new file. If I’m to say more deeply, when the file is deleted from the Recycle Bin, only the access information of the file will removed and it hides the file from the operating system.

Deleted File Bypassed the Recycle Bin.. What Next?

When we save a copy of any data in the hard disk, Windows operating systems keeps a record of saved file in the hard disk through the Pointers. Every file and folder which is saved in the hard disk has a pointer, where it tells the Windows operating system about the file’s start path and end path in the hard disk.

When the file gets deleted from the hard disk, Windows instruct the file system to remove the pointer of deleted file from the hard disk and mark the space available to save new data.

According to the above routine, deleted file is no more available in the hard disk from the file system’s point of view. But the deleted file, which is no more available in the hard disk according Windows file system is, still recoverable.

But how? Well.. from the file system’s point of view deleted file is no longer there in the hard disk and it’s space is free to save new data. When you save new data into hard disk, it overwrites the sectors of previously deleted file in the hard disk. So the deleted file is recoverable in between the time file gets deleted and before it’s overwritten. You can recover the deleted files using few data recovery tools. I will cover this part later in the guide. Continue reading 😀

Why Deleted Files are Not Erased asap

The answer is a very straight forward one. Deleted files don’t get erased asap to improve the time and performance in the system. Most of the operating systems are programmed in this way to improve the performance and user experience.

When you delete a file from the hard disk, file system deletes file’s pointer and mark its space as free for rewrite a new file. This process is pretty fast, which can be done in very few seconds.

For example: Say you deleted a HD 1080p quality movie, which is 10GB in size and the file gets deleted in very few seconds. As I explained above, deletion process is doing, file’s pointer clearance and makes the space free. So this task will be done in very quick time. But when the file system tries to erase the file’s contents instead of file’s pointer, it will take a long time, as you write a new 10GB file to the hard disk. To prevent this time delay in deletion process of a file, Windows operating system don’t erase the file’s content, when you click the Delete button.

Restore Deleted Files

Till now, I have covered all the process behind a file deletion and what exactly happens after a file gets deleted from the hard disk. Next part of this tutorial will guide you to get a clear idea on file recovery mechanism and  how to recover deleted files successfully.

File Recovery Mechanism

As I explained you above, when a file gets deleted from the computer, the deleted file exists in the hard disk until it gets overwritten by new data. Therefore, data recovery tool has been introduced to retrieve deleted files from the hard disk. These data recovery tools are able to scan the hard disk’s sectors deeply to restore deleted files before it gets overwritten.

Deleted files are 100% recoverable, if the file is not overwritten by a new one. In case if the deleted files are partially overwritten by the new data in the hard disk, then the recovery tool can get back only a part of the data.

Now lets see, how to recover deleted files from hard disk with easy tweaks. Here I’m going to show you 2 ways to restore deleted files.

  • Retrieve deleted files through Windows previous version.
  • Restore deleted files using recovery tools.

Possible Chances for Successful Data Recovery

I repeat, data recovery is 100% possible, if the deleted file is not overwritten in the hard disk. So its your responsibility to prevent file from being overwritten after the file gets deleted from the hard disk. If you want to restore deleted files successfully, then follow the guidelines below.

Don’t Install any Software

If any file gets deleted and you want to recover them, then do not install any software in the affected hard disk. Even if it’s a recovery tool, do not install.  This best practice might increase the chances of data recovery to up to 100%. Now you might ask me, how to recover deleted files without installing the recovery tool. Simply remove the affected hard disk from your PC and insert the hard disk into another PC. Install the recovery tool in the second PC and scan your affected hard disk for file recovery.

If you follow this method instead of installing the data recovery tool in the same hard disk, then there won’t be any possible chances for data overwritten.

Start the Recovery Process as Soon as Possible

This is another important factor, which you should follow to retrieve deleted files. As Windows operating system continuously write files to the hard disk, there are lots of chances online for file getting overwritten. So make sure to run the recovery process as soon as possible to restore deleted files from your Windows computer.

Choose the Right Data Recovery Tool

When you select the data recovery tool to restore deleted files, make sure to choose the right one for recovery process. When scanning the hard disk for deleted files using the recovery tools, there are possible chances for data collapse. So always go ahead with the best recovery tool.

Save the Recovered Data in Right Place

Saving the recovered data in the right place is one of the most important factor of recovery process. Always make sure to save the recovered files in a separate drive from the affected drive.

Reminder – Already I said, if the deleted file is overwritten by a new file, it’s not that much easy to recover!

When you try to restore deleted files using any recovery software, you will get a list of recoverable file while the scan is processing on the affected hard disk, pen drive or SD card. When you try to save the recovered files in the same drive (affected drive), then there is possible chance for data being  overwritten. Which means, recovered file can overwrite the upcoming recoverable file. So always choose a separate drive to save the recovered files.